There are a few nail and skin disorders which can damage the nails to a great extent. These diseases and disorders hamper the health of the nails and make them look uglier. We should take good care of the nails whenever we encounter any nail disease that seems to be severe.
Such kind of nail disease which should be addressed and treated as soon as you see any symptoms that refer to nail pterygium. To fight this disease, you must know what are the signs of getting it and how to treat this nail disease.
What Is Pterygium Nail?
When the proximal nail fold overgrows and invades the nail bed, there arises a nail disorder which is termed as pterygium of the nail. This disorder refers to the unexpected penetration of nail fold into the nail bed. The origin of this disorder is the matrix of the nails.
If there is any scar tissue available in the matrix, The skin of the specific site of the matrix starts to grow outward pressing the skin of the nail bed. This forms a triangular-shaped structure which is then called pterygium. There are two types of pterygium; dorsal pterygium and ventral pterygium.
1. Dorsal Pterygium
Dorsal Pterygium affects the upper part of the nails. The forward growth of the proximal nail fold gets blended with the matrix that is underneath the nail bed. As a result, it creates 2 lateral segments on the nail bed dividing the nail plate.
This occurs on the undersurface of the nail plate. Ventral pterygium refers to the condition when the hyponychium moves away from its point of attachment to the nail and finally damages the distal nail groove.
The Causes: Why You Get It
Among the two sorts of pterygium, Dorsal pterygium is the most common. If the proximal nail fold faces with any abnormalities, accidents or injuries it may result in dorsal pterygium. Besides, Raynaud’s syndrome, lichen planus, trauma, GVHD (graft-versus-host-disease), TEN (toxic epidermal necrolysis), cicatricial pemphigoid etc nail and skin disorder may also cause dorsal pterygium of the nail.
Ventral pterygium mainly occurs due to the fault in systemic connective tissue. If any scar is produced in the area of distal nail groove, it will eventually turn into ventral nail pterygium. This disease is sometimes genetic too.
Pterygium of the nails should be taken into account at the initial stage. If the disease goes to the advanced level, it may end up compromising the whole nail. Because the patron of severe pterygium must undergo a surgery where the affected nails need to be removed.
Though the primary stage can be cured with proper medication. The treatment includes topical steroids which actually look like lotions or creams. These anti-inflammatory medications can heal nail pterygium greatly. Sometimes, a cortisone injection is pushed at the matrix of the nail as the final non-surgical treatment. This is very painful for the patient.
There are some tools available in the marketplaces which are considered as Pterygium remover nail care. Though these tools are not much effective. We are introducing it just to satisfy your curiosity.
This tools can work as both a cuticles pusher and pterygium remover. It can effectively push back the cuticles but it actually can do a little to remove the pterygium. But, you can clean the nail by using this tool, that’s for sure.
Nail is an important part of our body. They can be a great nuisance if not taken care of properly. Moreover, this nail disease is so painful and can turn into a serious thing in the long run. So, no more negligence. Consult a doctor if you are having pterygium nail.